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Department of Forestry

Soil Science (ŠP)

ŠP2003N - obavezni
Opterećenje: 30(P) + 30(L) + 0(A) + 0(PK) + 0(S) + 0(TJ) + 0(SJ) + 24(T)
Cilj predmeta: The aim of the course is to provide the student with basic knowledge about the most important and complex component of the forest ecosystem. Furthermore, the goal is to prepare the student for the acquisition of new knowledge necessary for the management of the forest ecosystem, especially with regard to its stability and protection from degradation processes. Therefore, the goal is for students to learn how soil is formed - what are the factors and processes of its formation, what are the key processes that take place in it, and what are the physical, chemical, biological and morphological characteristics of soil.
Sadržaj predmeta: Lectures 1. Introduction – definition, roles, soil specificities of individual ecosystems and the importance of soil in forestry and environmental protection 2. Sources, composition and dynamics of the mineral component of the soil: Minerals and rocks 3. Sources, composition and dynamics of the mineral component of the soil: Weathering of minerals and rocks 4. Organisms and soil organic matter: Soil biology 5. Organisms and soil organic matter: Soil organic matter - sources, changes and characteristics 6. Organisms and soil organic matter: Forest biogeochemistry 7. Physical characteristics of the soil: The solid phase of the soil 8. Physical characteristics of the soil: Liquid phase of the soil - water and water regime of the soil 9. Physical characteristics of the soil: Gas phase of the soil - air and thermal characteristics of the soil 10. Sorption characteristics of soil 11. Chemistry of the liquid phase of the soil and chemical elements in the soil: Concentration and osmotic pressure of the soil solution; More important elements in the soil solution, their dynamics in the soil and ecological significance 12. Chemistry of the liquid phase of the soil and chemical elements in the soil: Reaction of the soil solution - acidity, basicity and buffering of the soil solution 13. Genesis and evolution of soil 14. Soil morphology 15. Classification and soil characteristics Laboratory exercises 1. Field and laboratory soil research: Soil sampling plan, Types of soil sampling; Depth of soil sampling; Number and arrangement of soil samples; Types of soil samples 2. Field and laboratory soil research: Soil sampling and labeling of samples; Transport and storage of samples; Field measurements of soil parameters; Soil Sampling Report 3. Preparation of soil samples for physical-chemical analyzes (ISO 11464, 1994) 4. Determining the stability of structural macroaggregates 5. Determination of water content in soil samples of a physically altered state (in accordance with ISO 11465, 1993) 6. Determination of particle size distribution (granulometric or mechanical composition) in the mineral part of the soil according to the International B method 7. Determination of soil reaction (in accordance with ISO 10390, 1994) 8. Determination of the carbonate content in the soil - volumetric method (in accordance with ISO 10693, 1995) 9. Determination of acidity (character) of humus 10. Determination of the proportion of humus (organic carbon) according to Tjurin 11. Determination of the proportion of water in soil samples in a physically unchanged state (in accordance with ISO 11461, 2001), determination of water retention capacity 12. Determination of density (bulk) of soil - ρb (in accordance with ISO 11272, 1998) 13. Determination of the density of the solid phase of the soil - ρp (in accordance with ISO 11508, 1998) 14. Determination of soil porosity 15. Soil air capacity and air porosity 16. Determination of the proportion of organic and total carbon (in accordance with ISO 10694, 1995) and total nitrogen (in accordance with ISO 13878, 1998) by dry burning - demonstration exercise 17. Determination of cation exchange capacity (according to ISO 11260, 1994) – demonstration exercise 18. Determination of the granulometric composition in the mineral part of the soil (norm ISO 11277) - demonstration 19. Determination of water-retention characteristics of the soil (in accordance with ISO 11274, 1998) - demonstration exercise 20. Determining the water permeability of the soil (filtration of water through the soil) - demonstration exercise Field work 1. Presentation of soil sampling (pedological profile, sounding, composite and individual samples) and description of morphological features of the location and soil (1 day). 2. Presentation of different relationships of pedogenetic factors, resulting in soil with different physiographic features and different taxonomic affiliations, and peculiarities of soil in terms of using its roles (2 days).
Način polaganja ispita : - pismneni ispit - usmeni ispit
Provođenje nastave: ☒ predavanja ☐ seminari i radionice ☒ vježbe ☐ on line u cijelosti ☒ mješovito e-učenje ☒ terenska nastava ☐ samostalni zadaci ☐ multimedija i mreža ☒ laboratorij ☐ mentorski rad ☐ (ostalo upisati)
Način praćenja kvalitete i uspješnosti studenata: - pohađanje nastave - kolokviji
Literatura:

Obavezna literatura:

  1. Pernar, N., 2017: Tlo; nastanak, značajke, gospodarenje. Šumarski fakultet, Zagreb, XVIII + 799 p.
  2. Pernar, N., D. Bakšić, I. Perković, 2013: Terenska i laboratorijska istraživanja tla. Šumarski fakultet, Zagreb, 192 p.


Preporučena literatura:

  1. 1. Blume, H. P., G. W. Brümmer, H. Fleige, R. Horn, E. Kandeler, I. Kögel-Knabner, R. Kretzschmar, K. Stahr & B.-M. Wilke, 2016: Scheffer/Schachtschabel Soil Science.Springer, 629 p.

Nositelji

Nikola Pernar
Prof. Nikola Pernar PhD

Distinguished professor

Email: npernar@sumfak.unizg.hr
više
Prof. Darko Bakšić PhD

Full professor

Email: dbaksic@sumfak.unizg.hr
više
Assistant prof. Ivan Perković PhD

Assistant professor

Email: iperkovic@sumfak.unizg.hr
više

Suradnici

Nikola Pernar
Prof. Nikola Pernar PhD

Distinguished professor

Email: npernar@sumfak.unizg.hr
više
Prof. Darko Bakšić PhD

Full professor

Email: dbaksic@sumfak.unizg.hr
više
Assistant prof. Ivan Perković PhD

Assistant professor

Email: iperkovic@sumfak.unizg.hr
više
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